Kidney transplant is a surgical method applied for the treatment of kidney failure disease. Each organ is of vital importance to the human body. Because the organs work in cooperation and guarantee the continuation of life. In this cooperation, each body has a different task. The kidneys filter waste materials into the blood and excrete them with urine. It also helps maintain the body’s water and electrolyte balance. When these wastes cannot be removed, they build up in the body and cause some diseases. People whose kidneys have failed and become inoperable need a treatment called dialysis. The purpose of dialysis is to remove foreign substances that have accumulated in the blood. Dialysis and kidney transplantation are among the treatment options for end-stage renal disease. Since a real organ is transplanted to the patient in kidney transplant surgery, according to dialysis treatments, the blood is completely cleansed and the hormonal function of the kidney is fully satisfied. For kidney transplantation, live or cadaveric kidneys can be obtained. In live kidney transplantation, the patient may receive kidneys from a 4th degree relative or spouse. If the donor does not have a medical problem that prevents donation, enter the surgery program. The preparation process for kidney transplant surgery takes an average of 5 days. Live donor surgery is now performed with a closed (laparoscopic) method. In closed kidney donor surgery, the donor has a 4-5 cm wound only in the groin area.