The prostate is part of the male reproductive system. Prostate disease is caused by its uncontrolled growth, especially in men over the age of 40. The prostate is located just at the exit of the urinary bladder. It is approximately 4 cm in diameter and 20 g in weight. When we look at the symptoms of the disease, difficulty in starting and ending urination, weak or intermittent urine flow, burning or pain in urination, the need to urinate frequently, the feeling of not emptying the bladder completely, frequent urination at night, sudden urinary urgency, urinary incontinence, continuing drips after urination, we can count the inability to urinate, blood in the urine or semen, painful ejaculation, groin, hip, waist, back and/or leg pains.
What is Prostate Surgery?
In prostate enlargement (BPH), patients who do not respond to drug treatment, who initially respond to drug treatment, but whose drug becomes insufficient over time and cannot use drugs due to side effects, can be treated with prostate surgery.
In addition, due to prostate enlargement; Prostate surgery should also be planned for patients with stones in their bladder, recurrent bleeding from the urinary tract, frequent urinary tract infections, and those who cannot empty their urine at all.
In determining the prostate surgery method, the patient’s age, medications, additional diseases and prostate size are taken into account.
With the use of laser in urology, surgical operations have started to be performed by using laser in prostate surgery.
These methods are; Greenlight laser, photoselective vaporization of the prostate (PVP); Prostate enucleation with thulium laser (ThuLEP), prostate resection with thulium laser (TmLRP), prostate enucleation with diode laser (DiLEP), prostate vaporization with diode laser (DiLVP), prostate resection with holmium laser (HoLRP), and prostate enucleation with holmium laser (HoLEP).